1. Title, Journal and Authors
Title: scale formation and control in high pressure membrane water treatment systems : A review
Journal: Journal of Membrane Science
Authors: Alice Antonya,∗, Jor How Lowa, Stephen Grayb, Amy E. Childressc, Pierre Le-Clecha, Greg Leslie
UNESCO Centre for Membrane Science and Technology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
Institute of Sustainability and Innovation, Victoria University, PO Box 14428, Victoria 8001, Australia
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557-0258, United States
Membrane processes applied high pressure in wastewater, seawater and brackish water etc. occur fouling by matters(scale). Scale formation disturb constant water production so we have to know the variety of scale. This paper reivew the sacle forming mechnisms, Factors affecting scale formation, types of scale, prediction of scaling tendency, scale control techniques, altering feed water charateristics, optimization of operating parameter and system disigh, Antiscalant addition and non destructive scale monitoring techniques. Alice Antonya refers to control of scale formation, especially, this paper considerd about antiscalant because the sacle formation can't remove that all.
3. Application to research
To study the type of scale and scale formation, this paper apply to future study of antiscalants
Ju Yong LEE / Master's course
Environmental Systems Engineering Lab.
School of Environmental Science and Engineering
Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology
216 Cheomdan-gwagiro, Bukgu, Gwangju 500-712 Korea